Periodontal disease attacks the gums around the tooth.
It can also attack the bone holding the tooth and trigger a tooth's loss if it is not treated. .
In periodontal diseases, bacteria has destroyed the bone. Tartar has been created on and under the gum, maintaining inflammation so the gum cannot stick back to the root. Along the tooth, an empty pocket has been created, providing habitat for bacteria to grow and maintain the receding of gums.
Teeth will become unstable due to the receding of gums, until they eventually fall off. The evolution can be surreptitious, since it happens with no or very little pain, over several years. There are very few clear and visible signs. We cannot stop the evolution unless the appropriate treatment is applied.
The 7 signs of periodontal diseases:
- Red and swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Spaces become apparent between teeth
- One or several teeth begin to move
- Diffuse pain and discomfort.
- Modification in the teeth's positioning
These signs are not always all present at a given time. It all depends on the progression stage.
Causes for periodontal diseases
Every day, an invisible layer sticks to the teeth. This plaque contains the bacteria responsible for the periodontal disease. With time, the plaque mineralises and tartar is attached to it.
- General considerations: it could be a genetic factor.
- Local considerations: inaccurate knowledge of dental care techniques, inappropriate daily care, bad teeth position, stress, general diseases, tobacco...